Lighthouse Leader Study Guide

Date: February 18, 2018

Series: The kings and the King: Season 3 (1 Kings)

1 Kings 6-8

This Week’s Printable Resources:

Overview of this Lesson

There are a few dates that have proven to be of great historical significance: the birth of Jesus Christ (separates BC from AD), the signing of the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776, the Storming of the Bastille on July 14, 1789. Each of this dates proved to be historical turning events.

This week, we are going to witness a similar date in the history of Israel, the Dedication of the Temple in Jerusalem. This date is only overshadowed in Israeli history by the Re-dedication of the temple on the 25th of Kislev (late November/December on our calendar), celebrated today as Hanukkah.

The Temple becomes the iconic representation of God’s presence among His people on earth. The first two chapters this week, (1 Kings 6-7) cover in detail the construction of the temple and Solomon’s palace. Chapter 8 covers the Dedication of the Temple and Solomon’s prayer. To give some insight into the majesty of Solomon’s Temple, one commentator calculated the cost to build this exact temple based on the description in Chapter 6. The calculated cost in 1980 dollars (the year the commentary was published) was $240 billion.

Solomon’s Temple was dedicated in approximately 960 BC and then destroyed in 587 BC during the invasion by Nebuchadnezzar II of Babylon. The Second Temple was rebuilt starting under the reign of Cyrus the Great of Persia, and completed under Darius the Great in approximately 515/16 BC. The Second Temple, which stood at the time of Jesus, was destroyed by the Romans in 70 AD. In 1015-23 AD, Muslims built the Al-Aqsa Mosque (Dome of the Rock) on top of the Temple Mount, thus creating a conflict that continues to this day.

Memory Verse for This Week

1 Kings 8:10-11 And when the priests came out of the Holy Place, a cloud filled the house of the Lord, so that the priests could not stand to minister because of the cloud, for the glory of the Lord filled the house of the Lord.

Core Practice: Prayer

Prayer (Psalm 66:16-20): I pray to God to know Him, to lay my request before Him and to find direction for my daily life.

This Week’s Take Home Truth

FFCA – The people of the Church are the living Temple of the Holy Spirit, meant to be a living house of prayer for all nations.

FFCB – In the Old Covenant God’s people needed to approach Him through the Temple, in the New Covenant God’s people are free to approach Him directly for they are His spiritual Temple.


What is the most amazing man-made structure that you have ever visited? What is it about the structure that you admire so much?

If you had to name a turning point in US history that happened during your lifetime, what event would that be?

Looking back at your notes from this week’s sermon, was there anything that particularly caught your attention, challenged or confused you?

Make sure you ask this question this week. It gives people the opportunity to discuss questions or issues that come up beyond the written questions. People’s responses can often lead into one of the questions in the “Digging Deeper” section. Also, some weeks this question will result in a lot of discussion, other weeks, not so much.

Read the Text

In this passage, we will study one of the most amazing structures ever built. The inside and outside of the structure were amazing feats of architecture, but beyond that, Solomon’s Temple was built to be the dwelling place of God Himself. Read 1 Kings 6:1, 11-13, 8:27-30, 41-43.

Digging Deeper

In this section, feel free to develop your own questions to help guide your group’s discussion. Below are some suggestions. Remember, if you are hearing from everyone in your group, chances are you won’t have to time to discuss every question. You may start with one that catches your attention, so you don’t run out of time. For example, it’s not odd to start with Question #6, then go to Question #5 and if you have time come back to Question #4.

Why do you think the Lord came to Solomon to remind him of the promises that He made to David? Though Solomon became unfaithful, would God still honor His promises to David?

For reference, see 1 Kings 6:11-13.

The Lord wanted Solomon to remain faithful to Him and not to forsake the law of His Word. Sadly, we know that “when Solomon was old, his wives seduced him to follow other gods. He was not completely devoted to Yahweh his God, as his father David had been. Solomon followed Ashtoreth, the goddess of the Sidonians, and Milcom, the detestable idol of the Ammonites. Solomon did what was evil in the LORD’s sight, and unlike his father David, he did not completely follow Yahweh” (1 Kings 11:4-6). Though Solomon was unfaithful, God still honored His promise to David, but Israel would pay a heavy price for Solomon’s unfaithful behavior.


What are the exact promises that the Lord made to David?

In 2 Samuel 7:16, the Lord promised David that his “house and kingdom will endure before Me forever, and your throne will be established forever.” Hebrews 1:5 quotes from 2 Samuel 7:14 to indicate that this promise to David was Messianic in nature. The promise that the Lord was going to keep to David wasn’t just that Solomon would build a Temple, but that the Messiah, Jesus Christ, would be David’s descendant and would sit on the throne forever.


Why was the idea of God living on earth so far-fetched for Solomon? What is the astounding answer to this question?

Solomon was amazed at God’s promise to come and “live in” the Temple that he had constructed. After all, the universe itself could not contain all of God’s glory because He is infinite, how could He possibly live in the Temple that was so small by comparison? The Temple was only a shadow of what was to come. As the writer of Hebrews teaches, “For the Messiah did not enter a sanctuary made with hands (only a model of the true one) but into heaven itself, so that He might now appear in the presence of God for us” (Heb. 9:24). God was not going to simply live inside a Temple built by the hands of men; He was going to live as a human being, a descendant of David himself.


What was one of Solomon’s hopes for the Temple? Why do you think Solomon was concerned with the “foreigner”?

The Temple was to be a beacon for all nations, not only for Israel. Solomon desired for all nations to hear of the glory of God, and he hoped that all nations would gather and worship the God of Israel. The message of the greatness, mercy, and power of God has always been for all nations. God wanted the “foreigners” to call on the name of the Lord.


What can we learn from Solomon’s example in prayer?

It is clear from the description of this scene that Solomon approached the Lord with both reverence and awe.

When we approach God, we must approach Him in reverence and awe, for the Lord is the great Creator and Sustainer of the universe. To Him, we owe our lives, all we are and have. Every blessing we have ever received—every good and perfect gift of human life—has come from the hands of God (James 1:17). To the Lord belong all glory and majesty, dominion and power forever and ever. Amen. Thus when we approach Him, He is due the utmost reverence.

But this is often not the case. God is often approached rudely and even flippantly, with irreverence and disrespect. For example, some people have referred to God as “the man upstairs.” Others look upon God as only a type of grandfather, a gray-haired superior who exists to meet our needs and demands. Even some worship services have become little more than social fellowships or clubs with a sermon tacked on the end, a sermon through which the members sit squirming and restless, impatiently waiting for it to end. And for many, prayer has become little more than an inconvenience, a rushed time to make quick requests for family members or for immediate personal needs.

Such irreverence is an insult to God. It is profane—an unholy, ungodly, sinful approach to God. This is never the way the Lord God of the universe—the Creator and Sovereign Majesty who rules and reigns over all—should be approached.


The placement of the Ark of the Covenant in the temple represented God’s presence among His people. Where is God’s presence today?

In 1 Corinthians 6:19, the Apostle Paul makes an astounding statement: “Or do you not know that your body is the temple of the Holy Spirit who is in you, whom you have from God, and you are not your own?”

We have seen in this week’s text the awe and respect that Solomon expressed upon the realization that God’s presence had filled the Temple he had built with human hands. How much more should we be in awe and respect to realize that God’s very presence today is in us!

Above all needs, we need the presence of God in our lives. For, “If God be for us, who can be against us?” (Romans 8:31). And, “Greater is He who is in us than he who is in the world” (1 John 4:4). When God is present with us, we experience His love, joy, peace, patience, gentleness, goodness, and self-control. When God is with us, we have purpose, meaning, and significance, and also a deep sense of assurance and confidence that all things will be worked out for good (Romans 8:28). Through God’s presence, we receive the power of God, the power to conquer and overcome, to triumph and gain the victory over all hardships and misfortunes, temptations and trials, wickedness and evil. Even death itself has no hold over us if God’s presence is with us. For the moment we come to the portals of death, God is there to instantaneously transfer us into His presence. The body will lie down and die, but we will be immediately in His glorious presence. Listen to the wonderful promises of God’s presence:

  1. God’s presence assures us of living in the promised land of heaven itself.
  2. God’s presence assures us of rest, which means peace of heart, mind, and soul, and the full assurance of being taken care of and being given eternal life by God. The spiritual rest of God means security and stability, provision and protection, assurance and confidence, fulfillment and satisfaction, meaning and purpose in life.
  3. God’s presence assures us of courage and of strength to stand against the enemies of this life.
  4. God’s presence assures us of victory over all trials, even over all the helpless and hopeless circumstances of life.
  5. God’s presence assures us that He will never leave us, that He will always be with us.

Becoming A House of Prayer

“Even them I will bring to My holy mountain, And make them joyful in My house of prayer. Their burnt offerings and their sacrifices; Will be accepted on My altar; For My house shall be called a house of prayer for all nations.” – Isaiah 56:7.

Prayer Focus for the Week of February 18

In a time of group prayer, ask the Lord to help us have the wisdom to understand the Scriptures. Pray that the Father will help us see how the entirety of the Bible points us to the person of Jesus Christ.

As a group, intercede on behalf of the victims of last week’s school shooting in Florida.

Next Steps

Questions to consider as you continue to reflect on what you learned this week:

  • Take Action: In this week’s text we see a beautiful example of intercessory prayer—Solomon interceding for his people. Who is the Lord laying on your heart to life up in prayer this week? Write their name down and make a commitment to prayer for this person or people daily this week.
  • Take Courage: God keeps His Word, doing exactly what He says and promises. His promises are as sure, as certain as the heavens and the earth. As long as heaven and earth exist, God will fulfill His promises to us. Even when heaven and earth pass away, and the new heavens and earth are created, God will keep His promises. He is faithful—absolutely faithful—in doing exactly what He says. We can trust God, believe Him, and take Him at His Word. He will never fail to meet every need we have.

Work to memorize this week’s memory verse: 1 Kings 8:10-11 And when the priests came out of the Holy Place, a cloud filled the house of the Lord, so that the priests could not stand to minister because of the cloud, for the glory of the Lord filled the house of the Lord.

Core Practice: Prayer

Prayer (Psalm 66:16-20): I pray to God to know Him, to lay my request before Him and to find direction for my daily life.

Remember to use the Daily Bible Reading plan as part of your walk with Christ, taking the time to reflect on each passage and what it means for your lives.

Coming Dates This Spring:

03/11-16/2018 – Spring Break Week (No Groups)

03/25/2018 – Palm Sunday

03/30/2018 – Good Friday

04/01/2018 – Easter Sunday (No Groups)

05/13/2018 – Mother’s Day

05/25/2018 – Lighthouse Semester Ends

05/27/2018 – Summer Break Begins

09/09/2018 – Lighthouse Fall Semester Begins